As disgusting and terrifying as the thought may be, bed bugs are becoming a very common household pest. These tiny, wingless, oval-shaped insects grow up to 4-5 millimetres long when they reach maturity. Their colouring can go from a rusty brown to a deeper reddish-brown, and they are very flat. The shape of the bed bug allows it to hide in virtually any spot inside your home, no matter how small. They can easily slip into cracks,bed heads, mattresses, under the cracks in wooden floors, and in the crevices of the walls. They also love to hide in upholsteries and carpets where their main food source is easily reached.
While bed bugs can literally go many months without feeding, they make a feast of human blood. They attach themselves to the human body, most often at the arms and shoulders. When they bite, there will be some swelling and irritation, not unlike a mosquito bite. In some human hosts, the bite can cause allergic reactions. With all of this in mind, it is a good idea to have your home pest control taken care of at least every six to twelve months…more often if you suspect you may have a problem.
It is sometimes difficult to tell if you have issues with bed bugs since they hide in the day time, and only come out to feed at night, when their hosts are asleep. When they bite, an anticoagulant agent is injected into your blood stream to stop the blood from clotting at the bite sight. They can then suck the blood until they are completely engorged. In order to find out whether or not you may have an issue in your home, look for tiny red dots on your sheets, walls, mattresses, bed-heads, bedside furniture, and flooring. This is a tale-tell sign that bed bugs have been feasting on the family members who sleep in that room.